August 26th in German History: The Battle on the Marchfeld

The Habsburg dynasty is commonly the object of ridicule and humor for their slow decline that began in the 17th century and ended with the destruction of Austria-Hungary at the end of WWI. However, for nearly a millennia they were the preeminent force in Central Europe and at times held sway over entire continents. TheContinue reading “August 26th in German History: The Battle on the Marchfeld”

August 25th in German History: The Birth of Erich Honecker

Germany had more than its fair share of totalitarian leaders during the 20th century. While Adolf Hitler ruled the country for twelve years, for forty years the eastern half was controlled by a communist dictatorship. This regime, while not as brutal as that of the Nazis, maintained a repressive grip on the people of EastContinue reading “August 25th in German History: The Birth of Erich Honecker”

August 24th in German History: Adolf Hitler Orders the End of the T4 Killings

The T4 killings were the systematic mass murder of much of the elderly, critically ill and disabled population of Germany. T4 is an abbreviation of the address of a government building which recruited and organised those involved in the program. On August 24th, 1941, Adolf Hitler ordered that the systematic killings stop. However, they continuedContinue reading “August 24th in German History: Adolf Hitler Orders the End of the T4 Killings”

August 23rd in German History: The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact is Signed

The Soviet Union was the nation that sacrificed the most in the defeat of Germany. As such, we often forget that it also was crucial to enabling Germany to invade and take over much of Europe. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was a non aggression pact signed by the USSR and Nazi Germany which gave Germany aContinue reading “August 23rd in German History: The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact is Signed”

August 22nd in German History: German Troops Perpetrate the Holocaust of Kedros

While the German occupations of France, Poland, and Yugoslavia are well-known, the occupation of Greece is not often discussed. From 1941 until 1945, Greece was occupied by both Italian and German forces following the invasion of the country. The occupying forces committed numerous atrocities. One of the worst, the Holocaust of Kedros, occurred on theContinue reading “August 22nd in German History: German Troops Perpetrate the Holocaust of Kedros”

August 21st in German History: Christian Schad is Born

Although Germany is known more for its political figures and its scientists, it has also produced numerous artists. One was Christian Schad, a painter and photographer who was part of the Dada and New Objectivity movements. He was born on August 21st, 1894. Schad was born in the town of Miesbach in Upper Bavaria. HisContinue reading “August 21st in German History: Christian Schad is Born”

August 20th in German History: Germany Captures Brussels

Soon after Germany entered WWI, it invaded the neutral nation of Belgium. It wanted to bypass French defenses on the French-German border and so sought to move troops through Belgian territory. When the Belgian government refused to allow German armies to pass, Germany declared war and quickly invaded the kingdom. Although the Belgians fought bravely,Continue reading “August 20th in German History: Germany Captures Brussels”

August 19th in German History: The 1934 German Referendum Makes Adolf Hitler Fuhrer

Seventeen days after the death of President Paul von Hindenberg, Germany held a referendum to legitimize Hitler’s assumption of dictatorial power. On August 1st, Hitler had combined the offices of Chancellor and President into the position of Fuhrer. On August 2nd, the day of Hindenberg’s death, he assumed his new powers. Soon after, on AugustContinue reading “August 19th in German History: The 1934 German Referendum Makes Adolf Hitler Fuhrer”

August 18th in German History: Karl Jatho Claims to have flown For the First Time

While the Wright Brothers are generally thought to have the first powered heavier-than-air flight, there are several other claimants to that achievement. One such man was Karl Jatho, a German inventor. He claimed to have made a powered flight on August 18th of 1903. Jatho was born on February 3rd, 1873, and had a careerContinue reading “August 18th in German History: Karl Jatho Claims to have flown For the First Time”

August 17th in German History: The Grand Duchy of Baden Allies with Prussia

The unification of Germany into one nation was a long and complicated process. The final declaration in 1871 was the product of decades of political maneuvering and increased political and economic unity which broke down the barriers between the different German states. One important step was the treaty of alliance signed between Prussia and theContinue reading “August 17th in German History: The Grand Duchy of Baden Allies with Prussia”