August 8th in German History: The Start of the Hundred Days Offensive

The First World War was characterized by years of bloody stalemate. Offensive after offensive failed to break the trenches, and millions died for little perceivable gain. It would require hundreds of thousands of men from the United States, a nation that had only just entered the war, and a collapse of the German economy andContinue reading “August 8th in German History: The Start of the Hundred Days Offensive”

August 7th in German History: The Birth of Carl Ritter

It is hard to imagine a time before accurate maps. For well over a century every distance and landmass in the world has been recorded and mapped, allowing anyone to see what the world looks like. One often forgets that as late as the 19th century large parts of the world were still relatively unknown.Continue reading “August 7th in German History: The Birth of Carl Ritter”

August 6th in German History: German U-Boats Commence Operations against British Shipping

One of the most well-known instruments of German warfare are the U-Boats, submarines which gained fame during the First and Second World Wars through their attempts to cut Great Britain off from world trade by sinking merchant shipping. On August 6th, 1914, two days after Britain declared war on Germany in WWI, ten U-Boats leftContinue reading “August 6th in German History: German U-Boats Commence Operations against British Shipping”

August 5th in German History: The Death of Wilhelm Marx

The Weimar Republic suffered from political turmoil during its short existence. The humiliation of the Great War and financial turmoil led to the collapse of government after government, and numerous changes to Germany’s laws were made. However, there were those who tried to create a stable and democratic Germany. One such man was Wilhelm Marx,Continue reading “August 5th in German History: The Death of Wilhelm Marx”

August 4th in German History: The German Invasion of Belgium

The initial sides of the First World War took shape on August 4th, 1914, when Germany invaded Belgium. Belgium’s neutrality had been guaranteed by the United Kingdom in 1839, and so when Germany refused to leave the country, Britain declared war. The pre-war British Army was numerically inferior to those of the great Powers ofContinue reading “August 4th in German History: The German Invasion of Belgium”

August 3rd in German History: Germany Declares War on France

Another domino on the way to war fell on August 3rd when Germany declared war on France. France was allied with Russia, who Germany had declared war on two days earlier, and it was generally understood that France would soon declare war on Germany. Thus, Germany planned to preempt a French attack by invading NorthernContinue reading “August 3rd in German History: Germany Declares War on France”

August 2nd in German History: Adolf Hitler Becomes Fuhrer of Germany After the Death of Hindenberg

On August 2nd, Paul von Hindenberg, hero of the First World War, died. Upon his death, the presidency was left vacant. In his absence, Adolf Hitler, until then the Chancellor of Germany, was able to abolish the positions of President and Chancellor and merge their powers into that of Fuhrer of Germany. After Hitler becameContinue reading “August 2nd in German History: Adolf Hitler Becomes Fuhrer of Germany After the Death of Hindenberg”

August 1st in German History: The German Empire Declares War on Russia

The outbreak of the First World War did not occur all at once. Rather, the war started over the course of a month as nations mobilized and declared war on each other in turn. One of these steps was the German declaration of war against Russia on August 1st. Germany was obliged to declare warContinue reading “August 1st in German History: The German Empire Declares War on Russia”

July 31st in German History: The July 1932 German Federal Elections Held

The collapse of German democracy was preceded by multiple elections which further destabilized the German political system. The elections held on July 31st of 1932 strengthened the Nazi Party and its rival Communist Party, and weakened the more moderate parties. In doing so, it pushed Germany towards extremism and accelerated the end of the WeimarContinue reading “July 31st in German History: The July 1932 German Federal Elections Held”

July 30th in German History: The Birth of Walter Schuck

The Second World War is full of stories of soldiers who distinguished themselves on the field of battle before dying tragically during one of their daring exploits. Walter Schuck was a rare case of a fighter ace who fought from the beginning of the war and survived its end. He was born on July 30th,Continue reading “July 30th in German History: The Birth of Walter Schuck”