July 29th in German History: Adolf Hitler Becomes Leader of the Nazi Party

Germany’s descent into Nazism was a multi-decade process that began with the end of WWI and ended in 1934 when government and society came under the complete control of the Nazi Party. One of the most significant steps in this process occurred on July 29th, 1921, when Adolf Hitler took control of the Nazi Party.Continue reading “July 29th in German History: Adolf Hitler Becomes Leader of the Nazi Party”

July 28th in German History: A Firestorm Engulfs the City of Hamburg

Germany began the Second World War confident in its prospects of victory and assured that it would itself see the devastation of conflict. Germany’s leaders promised that German cities would be free of violence, and that the battles would be fought far from the nation’s borders. These promises were broken. Even before Germany itself wasContinue reading “July 28th in German History: A Firestorm Engulfs the City of Hamburg”

July 27th in German History: The Austrian State Treaty Comes Into Force

The division of Germany following The Second World War is the topic that features prominently in the public memory. Less famous is the division of Austria. Austria was partitioned between the Allied powers until 1955. On July 27th of that year, the zones of occupation were effectively reunited, and the state of Austria reestablished. InContinue reading “July 27th in German History: The Austrian State Treaty Comes Into Force”

July 26th in German History: Germany Decides to Support The Nationalists

Interwar Europe was not an interlude of complete peace between the two World Wars. Most importantly, the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, three years before Germany invaded Poland. That war saw the Nationalists under Francisco Franco defeat the Republicans, who lacked a single leader. Critical to the Nationalist victory was German support whichContinue reading “July 26th in German History: Germany Decides to Support The Nationalists”

July 25th in German History: Record Temperatures Set During the 2019 Heat Wave

As global climate change has progressed, temperatures have risen across the planet. Most of the damage done has so far been incurred by developing nations, but the first world is not unscathed. In July of 2019, Europe was struck by a heatwave. France was the worst hit, but Germany too saw extremely high temperatures. TheContinue reading “July 25th in German History: Record Temperatures Set During the 2019 Heat Wave”

July 24th in German History: The Birth of Christina von Stommeln

A lesser-known religious figure, Christina von Stommeln was a German mystic and ecstatic who pre-dated better known women like Joan of Arc. She was born on July 24th, 1242. Christina was the daughter of farmers who lived in the village of Stommeln. She reportedly began to experience visions at the age of five, and refusedContinue reading “July 24th in German History: The Birth of Christina von Stommeln”

July 23rd in German History: Operation Edelweiss

The Eastern Front of the Second World War is often boiled down to one battle, the Battle of Stalingrad, in American history classes. Even that battle receives very little attention, and numerous other, and similarly important, battles are forgotten. One forgotten battle was the Edelweiss Offensive. That operation saw German forces fail to capture theContinue reading “July 23rd in German History: Operation Edelweiss”

July 22nd in German History: The Birth of Friedrich Bessel

As I have said before, Germany has produced a truly exceptional number of important astronomers, mathematicians, physicists, and chemists. One member of that legion of giants was Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel, a mathematician, astronomer, physicist, and geodesist. His contributions to math and astronomy were significant, and further show the importance of Germany in the development ofContinue reading “July 22nd in German History: The Birth of Friedrich Bessel”

July 21st in German History: Claus von Stauffenberg Dies

Nazi Germany attempted to create a German people unified against its enemies. The idea of one nation united behind the supreme leader was integral to fascism, and so the existence of a resistance within Germany undermined the viability of the Nazi ideology. The greatest example of resistance is the 20th July plot, which saw GermanContinue reading “July 21st in German History: Claus von Stauffenberg Dies”

July 20th in German History: The Prussian Coup

Three days ago, I discussed Altona Bloody Sunday, a deadly riot in the city of Altona that occurred in 1932. That riot served as the pretext for the Preussenschlag, the overthrow of the government of the Free state of Prussia by Fritz von Papen on July 20th, 1932. In the Weimar Republic, the Free stateContinue reading “July 20th in German History: The Prussian Coup”