July 19th in German History: The Battle of Fromelles

The First World War saw numerous failed offensives which cost thousands of lives and achieved little to no gains. The Allied attack on Fromelles was one of the most costly of these. On July 19th, 1916, Australian and British forces attacked German positions near Lille in order to break through German defenses in order toContinue reading “July 19th in German History: The Battle of Fromelles”

July 18th in German History: The Death of Bernard of Saxe-Weimar

In this blog, I have discussed several German commanders who fought in the Second and First World Wars. However, three centuries before WWI broke out, Germany was embroiled in a war far more destructive, at least for the German population. I refer to the Thirty Years’ War, which itself produced numerous generals from France, Sweden,Continue reading “July 18th in German History: The Death of Bernard of Saxe-Weimar”

July 17th in German History: Altona Bloody Sunday

As Germany slid towards Nazism, the streets of her cities were consumed by conflict between extremist parties. The two largest of these parties were the Nazi Party, and the KPD, “Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands” or German Communist Party. The two parties each called for the other’s destruction, and so their respective paramilitary arms often engaged inContinue reading “July 17th in German History: Altona Bloody Sunday”

July 16th in German History: The Death of Albert Kesselring

Germany has produced many competent military commanders. During the Second World War especially, German officers became famous for their numerous victories over opposing forces. One such commander was Albert Kesselring, an infantry and artillery officer who joined the German air force during the interwar period and rose to the rank of Field Marshall. He diedContinue reading “July 16th in German History: The Death of Albert Kesselring”

July 15th in German History: The First Battle of Tannenberg

Few battles are as important to German history as the battle of Tannenberg, or Grunwald. Fought on July 15th, 1410, the Battle of Tannenberg saw the forces of Poland and Lithuania crush the army of the Teutonic Order, and so permanently break their power in the region. In 1409, the territory of Samogita revolted againstContinue reading “July 15th in German History: The First Battle of Tannenberg”

July 14th in German History: All Non-Nazi Political Parties Are Banned

One of the several steps Hitler took in his takeover of Germany was the Gleichschaltung, or co-ordination. This process saw the Nazi Party take full control over Germany’s government, society, and administration. A significant part of this was the banning of all other political parties on July 14th, 1933. The primary Opposition to the NaziContinue reading “July 14th in German History: All Non-Nazi Political Parties Are Banned”

July 13th in German History: The Death of Joachim Peiper

The Battle of the Bulge is as famous as much for the atrocities committed by German forces during it as much as the action itself. The most famous war criminal to come out of the Battle of the Bulge was Joachim Peiper, an SS officer responsible for the Malmedy massacre. Peiper was murdered in FranceContinue reading “July 13th in German History: The Death of Joachim Peiper”

July 12th in German History: The Formation of the Confederation of the Rhine

As Napoleon advanced across Europe, he formed puppet nations in conquered territories. The purpose of these states, including the Batavian Republic and the Duchy of Warsaw, was to secure France’s borders and create a friendly government that would aid in the fight against Napoleon’s enemies. While not one nation, the Confederation of the Rhine wasContinue reading “July 12th in German History: The Formation of the Confederation of the Rhine”

July 11th in German History: 1920 Plebiscite: East Prussia Votes to Remain in Germany

After World War I, Germany was stripped of its territories of Alsace-Lorraine and Danzig. Whats more, many districts in the south and east of the province of East Prussia, the birthplace of Prussia and the home of the Teutonic Order, were allowed to vote on whether to remain in Germany or join the newly-created PolishContinue reading “July 11th in German History: 1920 Plebiscite: East Prussia Votes to Remain in Germany”

July 10th in German History: The Birth of Adolphus Busch

Many of America’s most famous businesses were founded by immigrants. Among them is Anheuser-Busch, a brewing company co-founded by German immigrant Adolphus Busch. Adolphus Busch was born on July 10th, 1839, in the Mainz, a city in Hesse. Adolphus was born to wealthy parents who ran a winery and brewery supply business and was oneContinue reading “July 10th in German History: The Birth of Adolphus Busch”